Flock technique means applying flock particles directly to a surface covered with a layer of adhesive.
The flock particles are made of natural or synthetic materials - cotton, polyester, nylon. There are two types of flock particles - chopped or cut. The crushed particles are obtained from the waste of synthetic textile materials or cotton, and therefore the resulting flock particles do not have the same length. The cut flock particles are obtained only from first-class materials of high quality monofilament fibers and therefore the flock particles will have accurate dimensions, ranging from 0.3-5mm. The diameter of the fibers varies between 0.25-5mm.
The fineness of the flock particles, their length and diameter, determine the degree of softness of the surface on which they are applied. The adhesive used for application should be as flexible and/or resistant as the substrate on which it is applied. There are two types of adhesive - in one component or in two components. The adhesive printing step is the most important part of the flock particle application process. The adhesive layer must be thick enough and must be printed so that the adhesive does not pass through the substrate.